Polonnaruwa is the second kingdom of Sri Lanka. It is located 7 miles northeast of the confluence of the Mahaweli and Aban rivers. Around 985, Polonnaruwa was first chosen as its capital by the Indian invaders Soli. But this was used by the kings of Anuradhapura as a sub-capital. The main reason for this is that Polonnaruwa is an area suitable for agriculture and is rich in natural water resources. Due to this Polonnaruwa has many tanks created by various kings such as Mahasen, Wasaba, Upatissa and Agbo ii.
Around the 10th century, the kings of Anuradhapura paid more attention to Polonnaruwa as a very safe place. In the 11th century, King Vijayabahu liberated Polonnaruwa from Indian invaders and chose Polonnaruwa as his kingdom for economic and political reasons. He later restored many temples and monasteries destroyed by the Indian invaders.
King Parakramabahu has fully developed Polonnaruwa into a kingdom full of everything. King Nissanka Malla did not forget to develop and rebuild the temples and monasteries which did their utmost to protect the country and the religion. But after him the other kings did not have the power to defend the country and maintain the economic and political status quo. Everything fell apart.
Indian invaders invade the country again and destroy the entire city and kingdom. Later the kingdom shifted to the northeast of the country. Then the city went wild. There was no one there until the British colonial period. They have started conservation projects to protect and preserve those historic sites.
Places can visit in Polonnaruwa
Museum of Polonnaruwa
There are many antiquities and ruins found during the excavations carried out in the kingdom of Polonnaruwa. Many of these artifacts date to the 12th century AD. And all the rest belong to the 9th, 10th and 11th centuries.
Dvipa uyana – Polonnaruwa
This garden was built by King Parakramabahu the Great during his reign. It faced as an island affiliated with the mighty ocean reservoir. Later during the reign of King Nissankamalla he used this as his palace.
Council chamber of king Nissankamalla
Built by King Nissankamalla, this is the most impressive structure in the garden of the island. There is a very beautiful building with beautiful carvings on the wooden beams of the past that supported the roof.
Pothgul Viharaya – Polonnaruwa
Anyone who sees this statue for the first time will understand that it is an image of a greater person. It is characterized by intelligence, dynamism and good organizational power. But this statue does not show the ornaments traditionally worn by kings. With the costume and style of the statue it is understandable that this could be a sage. So there are a number of comparable facts to prove that this is not a statue of a king
Palace of King Parakramabahu
King Parakrama Bahu built this palace complex with 1000 complete buildings and the main palace with seven floors. According to history, the palace of King Vyajayabahu was set on fire by his mercenary foreign army in a rebellion. According to Sri Lanka’s ancient information, the palace must have been located in this area. But still not found. It is possible that King Parakramabahu built his palace on the same site after removing the previous one. The ground floor and second floor are made of burnt brick and the remaining 5 floors are made of wood. During the invasion of the Indian invaders, the palace was burnt down as they were easily made of wood.
Royal Temple of the Tooth built by King Parakramabahu. A central stupa and four Buddha statues around it. A magnificent palace covered with a roof mounted on granite pillars. The watchtower and the moonstone in front of it are a wonderful carving that gives a good meaning to anyone who enters the premises.
One of the beautiful Buddha statues carved in one of the giant boulders. Built during the reign of King Parakramabahu. First the Samadhi meditation statue, then the Vidyadhara cave statue and the Parinirvana statue symbolize the Buddha’s passing away. King Nissankamalla wanted to do something for this creation so he erected a standing Buddha statue between the cave and the last sleeping statue.