Galle is a city in the southwestern tip of Sri Lanka with amazing Galle Dutch Fortress known as Galle fort, 119 km from Colombo. It is the capital of the Southern Province of Sri Lanka and is located in the Galle District. Although Galle was known as Gimhatiththa (although Iban Battuta referred to it as Kali in the 14th century.
Galle Fort History
It was the main port of the island before the arrival of the Portuguese in the 16th century. Galle reached its peak of development in the 18th century. ) Starting from Gongala Kanda, it passes through villages such as Neluwa, Nagoda, Baddegama, Thelikada and Wakwella and reaches the sea at Gintota.Wakwella Bridge is the longest bridge in Sri Lanka.
Galle offers a unique opportunity to create a visual representation of the conservation of its heritage. Galle is an internationally renowned tourist destination. Rumassala in Unawatuna is a large mound of earth that is the security barrier east of the Galle Harbor. The local tradition connects this mountain with some of the events of the Ramayana.
The “modern” history of Galle starts in 1505, when the first Portuguese ship, under Lourenço de Almeida was driven there by a storm. However, the people of the city refused to let the Portuguese enter it, so the Portuguese took it by force. In 1640, the Portuguese had to surrender to the Dutch East India Company.
The Dutch built the present Fort in the year 1663. They built a fortified wall, using solid granite, and built three bastions, known as “Sun”, “Moon” and “Star”. After the British took over the country from the Dutch in the year 1796, they preserved the Fort unchanged, and used it as the administrative center of Galle.
Galle has a tropical rain forest climate. Although January and February are considerably drier, the city does not have a real dry season. As is common in most cities with this type of climate, temperatures show slight variations throughout the year. The average annual temperature is around 32 degrees Celsius.