In Sri Lanka. It is located 237 km northeast of Colombo, 182 km southeast of Jaffna and 111 km north of Batticaloa on the east coast of the island above the Trincomalee harbor. Trincomalee has been a major center of Sri Lankan Tamil speaking culture in the island for over two millennia. For more than two millennia, Trincomalee has been a major center of Sri Lankan Tamil speaking culture in the island. With a population of 99,135, the city is built on a peninsula of the same name and divides its inner and outer harbors.

The people of Trincomalee are known as Trincomalee and the local authority is the Trincomalee Municipal Council. The city of Trincomalee is home to the famous Konaswaram Kovil, from which the Tamil name Trincomalee was developed and earned. The city is home to 189 historical monuments such as the Bhadrakali Amman Kovil, Trincomalee, Trincomalee Hindu Cultural Hall and the Trincomalee Hindu College which was opened in 1897. Trincomalee is the Trincomalee Railway Station and is also an ancient ferry service to the south of the port of Jaffna and Muttur.

The History of Trincomalee

The history of Trincomalee goes back more than two and a half years. It begins with a pre-modern civil settlement attached to the Konswaram Temple. One of the oldest cities in Asia, it has served as a major shipping port in the island’s international trade history with Southeast Asia. Some of Asia’s oldest medical research at the Siddharth Tamil Medical University, founded by Augusta, helped to spread Tamil Thamparnian culture throughout the continent from its suburban village of Kankuveli.

In the ancient world it was the capital of the Eastern Kingdom of the Vanni, developing through the revenue of the Anuradhapura Kingdom, the Pallava Dynasty, the Chola Dynasty, the Pandya Dynasty, the Vannimai Dynasty and the Konaswaram Shrine under the Jaffna Kingdom. After the conquest of the Kingdom of Jaffna by the Portuguese in 1620, Danish, the Dutch, and the French exchanged hands.

The architecture of the city shows some of the best examples of the interaction between indigenous and European styles. It was attacked by the Japanese as part of the siege of the Indian Ocean during World War II in 1942. After Sri Lanka gained independence in 1948, political relations between the Tamil and Sinhalese communities deteriorated and the city and district were affected by the outbreak of a civil war. It is home to the main Naval and Air Force bases in Trincomalee. The city also has the largest Dutch fort on the island.

Trincomalee In Other Languages

The Bay of Trincomalee, which is bridged by the Mahaweli River to the south, literally means “Elakirige Kan” in Sanskrit. It led to the proclamation of “South-Later Kailash” or “Mount Kailash in the South” and “Rome of the Oriental Pagans.” It has been described by the British as “the best port in the world” and “the most valuable colonial heritage in the world, giving our Indian Empire the protection it enjoys nowhere else.” Trincomalee serves as a campus of the Eastern University of Sri Lanka and has been a source of inspiration for local and international poetry, film, music and literature for centuries. Received the text.


The city of Trincomalee has developed from a rural settlement in the Promised Land dedicated to a Hindu shrine. The origin of the term ko, kon and konatha refers to the ancient Tamil word for “lord”, “king” or “chief”, which refers to the presiding deity; This verse was written in BC. 6th century – AD Found in several 2nd century Tamil Brahmi inscriptions. Located on the coastal peninsula of Konswaram, Trincomalee is an English form of the ancient Tamil word ‘Thiru-Kona-Malai’. It means “Lord of the Sacred Mountain.” By Thevaram Sambandar in the 7th century.

Thiru is a commonly used “sacred” temple site and Malai means mountain or mountain; In the central Tamil manuscripts and inscriptions the monumental composite shrine is referred to as the Trincomalee Konasar Kovil. In the old Tamil language, kona has other meanings like apex, while another origin of the term koneswaram can come from the Tamil word kuna (east).

Therefore, other translators suggest that the definition of Trincomalee is “Sacred Angle / Peak”, “Sacred Eastern Mountain” or “Three Peaks”. The temple is built on the Swami rock and is also known as Swami Malai or Kona-Malai. The slope of the peninsula falls 400 feet (120 m) directly into the sea.

Pre History of Trincomalee

The Trincomalee Harbor, also known as the “Lord’s Cheek” is a circular natural harbor to the north of the temple. The Sanskrit equivalent of the harbor bay is Go-Karna, which means “cow’s milk” or Gokarna Pattana and the name of the goddess Gokarneshwara or Go-Natha in Sanskrit. Based on this connection, Pathmanathan presents the derivative link Thiru-Gokarna-Malai or Thiru-Gona-Malai.

Ethnographer Me Megasthenes divided the island into a long river between 350 and 290 BC, producing large quantities of gold and pearls in one half, and the people of this country are known as Paleogoni, the ancient Goni in Tamil and Greek, as Pliny the Pandyas in Tamil. Adds the revered Hercules and Dionysus (Batches). AD The Vayu Ancient Book, written in 300 AD, specifically mentions the highest peak in Malaya, rich in gold and silver, and states:

According to a Sanskrit inscription excavated on the doorstep of a Hindu temple up to the Tamil New Year in 1223, it is also known as Bokka Gokaranna. Karnataka in India, Kalinga, Tamil Nadu and Gokarna in Nepal are associated with ancient Shiva temples. Bhadrakali Amman Kovil in Trincomalee, which was expanded by Rajendra Chola I, is located on Konasar Road before entering the Swami Parvatha.